PART 6 AUG 9 5:1–21 The Blessings of Righteousness Death through Adam, Life Through Christ
I remember as a Kid…Seeing all these Things I thought would be Great only to be disappointed shortly after I got the item, I thought was going to Make Me Happy!
Probably most of us have bought something, convinced of its great value, only to discover with time and observation that it was not all we expected it to be. Even when purchasing a new automobile, before signing the contract the salesman persuades us to buy an extended service policy… You See…Even Before We Drive the Brand New Car Off the Showroom Floor, We Must Begin to Worry About the Car Breaking Down!
There is Only One Exception to Disappointments—the Gospel of Jesus Christ.
- The Gospel of Jesus Christ Promises US Forgiveness of OUR SINS and the Certainty of a Relationship with God that will Last Through All Eternity.
- And Once WE Enter into this Relationship with God, Through Faith in Jesus Christ, We Discover a Whole New World of Blessings We had NOT Anticipated.
- In Romans 5:1-11, Paul There is a Vast Difference Between the “HYPE” of Our World and the “HOPE” of the Gospel. This World’s “Hype” always lets us down. But the Hope of the Gospel Never Does!
- These verses offer some of the most comforting words a Christian will ever hear.
- For those who love God and who Desire to Explore the Riches of His Grace, Romans 5 enumerates some of the benefits of justification and is a gold mine of Biblical truth.
- Paul speaks here Not Only of the Hope of Future Blessing, in Heaven, but the Hope which the Christian finds in the Very Midst of Trials and Tribulations.
- For the Christian Living in this World so Filled with Despair, this Message of HOPE is A True Oasis from the Issues we Face in the World.
Some Context for Todays Message:
- In Chapter 1 Paul shows how God’s Righteousness is Revealed in His Righteous Judgment of Sin…And how God’s Wrath is Revealed in His Response to Sin.
- And that Both Jews and Gentiles have failed to produce the righteousness God has required, and thus all are under the sentence of divine condemnation.
God also Demonstrates His Righteousness in the Salvation of Men. His Wrath toward the Sinner was Poured Out on Jesus Christ who Died in the Sinner’s “OUR” Place.
- God’s Anger was Appeased in Christ, and therefore God is Able to Save and to Bless Everyone who Believes in Jesus Christ and who Receives His Salvation by Faith.
In Romans 3:21–5:21 Paul looks Closely at this Justification Available to All Through Faith in the Work of Jesus Christ.
- In Romans 3:21-26, Paul Views Justification from God’s point of view, focusing on the public demonstration of His righteousness.
- In Romans 4, Justification is Viewed from Our Perspective, focusing on the faith by which God’s righteousness is imputed.
And Now In Chapter 5, Justification is Viewed from an Even Broader Perspective.
- Verses 1-11 look at Justification as the basis and the beginning of All of God’s Blessings for the Believer.
- Verses 12-21 then look at Justification as God’s means of Reversing the Curse of Sin and Death brought about by Adam and Overturned by Jesus Christ.
As we will see…“The Benefits of Justification” is the theme of these verses, based upon the repeated expression, “having been justified” in Vs 1 and 9.
Benefits of Justification by Faith (5:1-11) Therefore, since we have been justified through faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ, 2 through whom we have gained access by faith into this grace in which we now stand. And we boast in the hope of the glory of God. 3 Not only so, but we] also glory in our sufferings, because we know that suffering produces perseverance; 4 perseverance, character; and character, hope. 5 And hope does not put us to shame, because God’s love has been poured out into our hearts through the Holy Spirit, who has been given to us. 6 You see, at just the right time, when we were still powerless, Christ died for the ungodly. 7 Very rarely will anyone die for a righteous person, though for a good person someone might possibly dare to die. 8 But God demonstrates his own love for us in this: While we were still sinners, Christ died for us. 9 Since we have now been justified by his blood, how much more shall we be saved from God’s wrath through him! 10 For if, while we were God’s enemies, we were reconciled to him through the death of his Son, how much more, having been reconciled, shall we be saved through his life! 11 Not only is this so, but we also boast in God through our Lord Jesus Christ, through whom we have now received reconciliation.
- In these first 11 verses of Romans 5, Paul Expounds some of the many Benefits which accompany Our Salvation…Which flows from Our Justification by Faith.
Vs 1 Presents the Benefit of Peace WITH God As a result of our Justification by Faith.
- “Peace WITH God” is very different from the “Peace OF God”.
- The Peace “of God” is that inner tranquility which God gives to the Christian, even when there is external turmoil. Paul writes to this peace in Philippians. 4:7
- But “Peace WITH God” is different. Ephesians 2 Makes it Clear that It is Peace With God that Marks the End of Our Hostility Toward God and of His hostility toward us.
For Us…“Peace With God,” is Propitiation (Christ Took My Sin and Gave Me His Righteousness), From God’s Point of View…Our Sin brings about His Divine Wrath.
Romans 3:25 says, “God presented Christ as a sacrifice of atonement, through the shedding of his blood—to be received by faith. He did this to demonstrate his righteousness, because in his forbearance he had left the sins committed beforehand unpunished.”
Since God’s Animosity toward the Believer has been Appeased, God now Deals Graciously with Each of Us who have been Justified by Faith.
From man’s point of view, the hostilities have ended. The one who has been justified by faith can now breathe a sigh of relief. The war with God is over. Peace has been declared.
- Peace is that Prerequisite which is Followed by Many Other Blessings.
- All of the benefits described in this passage are first and foremost the Result of Justification and Secondly, the Result of Having Peace With God.
Vs 2a The 2nd Benefit: We’ve Gained Access, by Faith, into a Standing in Grace.
- Being Justified…God deals with Us on the basis of Grace…Not on the basis of Works.
- Since Justification is based upon the Sacrificial Death and Righteousness of Jesus Christ…God can deal Graciously with US, in Spite of All Our Sin.
- It enables God to Bless men who were worthy of death and who deserve His wrath.
- Justification by faith gives men a place of standing, a place of security. There is no “iffyness” about Our Standing in Grace.
- Because God Deals with Us by Grace, Our Justification and Our Sanctification Cannot Fail…For it is Contingent Not Upon Our Performance…But Solely Upon His grace.
- Justification removes the wrath of God and gives us peace with God.
- We’re taken out of the arena of Performance and placed in the arena of divine Grace.
(3) Verse 2b The Benefit of the Jubilant Hope of a Glorious Conclusion.
- Justification by Faith is a glorious beginning, but this same Justification by Faith is also the basis for Our Confidence in a Glorious Conclusion…HEAVEN.
- Through the Justification which God Accomplishes on Our behalf, we have Confident Assurance and Joyfully Exult in the “Hope of the Glory of God” (verse 2).
- The “Glory of God” is the Promised Blessing of Enjoying Eternity in the Presence and Glory of God, in His kingdom.
- That paradise lost by man’s sin, of which we had no human hope, is now a certainty for the one who has been justified by faith.
(4) Verses 3-8: Plus We Have The Benefit of a Jubilant Hope in Present Tribulations.
- Justification gives Christians a glorious beginning of peace with God and entrance into the realm of God’s Grace, assuring Us of a Glorious Ending—the Glory of God.
- BUT… it Also Gives Confident Hope in the Present, so that from beginning to end, Hope Characterizes the Christian life.
Like Jesus Paul characterizes the Christian life as a life in which one encounters tribulation
We hardly need to be convinced to Rejoice in Times of Peace and Prosperity. But establishing that Christians can and should boast in their tribulations takes proof.
- In Vs 3-8 Paul demonstrates the basis for boasting in tribulation on 2 different grounds.
- The First Proof is found in verses 3b-4, where Paul informs us that we can rightly Boast in what God Produces in Us, by means of Our Tribulations.
- The Second Proof is given in verses 5-8 as Paul writes of that which God Has Done Within Us, Through His Holy Spirit, Based Upon Our Justification.
Vs 3-4 remind us that the Christian should Rejoice in his Tribulations Because of what they are Producing in him. Tribulation Produces “Perseverance.”
- God’s resources are more than sufficient to sustain the Christian. As We face adversity and difficulty the result is endurance over time producing perseverance-staying power.
- Likewise, Perseverance Produces “Proven Character.” Over time, endurance becomes a state of mind and reflects one’s true character.
- What we are becomes most evident in our response to adversity over the long term.
Proven Character, in turn, Produces “Hope.” Seeing that we can endure, and that Our Character has been Strengthened in the process of Facing Life’s Trials…We Become More and More Certain of the Future.
- As we see God’s Provisions for the Present Sustaining Us, even in the Most Difficult Circumstances…We Become Confident that God will Surely Sustain Us to the End.
Facing Tribulation might be Compared to Boot Camp where the young recruit is taught to take orders and to obey them, under great adversity and in great personal discomfort.
- As the recruit learns to obey, endurance and character develop, and he gains confidence in his ability to perform his duties as a soldier.
- When we endure, we gain strength of character, improved physical strength and stamina. We feel better and become convinced that we will benefit if we persist.
Paul is not teaching that we gain self-confidence by Persevering in Tribulation.
Rather, we gain confidence in God as we stand amazed at His working in us.
STORY: While a man was working on his car. Everything seemed to be going wrong…He Turned Saying…“Now I know I am a Christian,” he said, with great joy. “Before I was saved, I had a long list of words I used in times like these, but I Don’t Even Use them Anymore!”
He saw the change in his own life and recognized that it was the result of God’s grace. Seeing God’s grace at work in his life in times of tribulation assured him that God would finish that work in him which He had begun. And so it Should Be for Every Christian.
- As our faith endures through life’s tribulations, we become more and more hopeful of that which God has promised to do in the future.
- Tribulation Produces Perseverance, and Perseverance, Proven Character, and these Produce HOPE.
In verses 5-8 we see that Tribulation not only develops our character, it also reminds us of God’s character, bringing assurance that our hope will neither disappoint nor will it fail.
- It does Not, and Cannot, Fail Because it Rests on the Character of God Himself.
Verses 9-11 Give Us More Benefits of Justification Since we have now been justified by his blood, how much more shall we be saved from God’s wrath through him! 10 For if, while we were God’s enemies, we were reconciled to him through the death of his Son, how much more, having been reconciled, shall we be saved through his life! 11 Not only is this so, but we also boast in God through our Lord Jesus Christ, through whom we have now received reconciliation.
VS 9-11 Continue the Theme of the Benefits of Justification. Interesting…VS 1 began, “Therefore having been justified by faith …” Vs 9 reads differently: “Since we have now been justified by his blood, how much more shall we be saved from God’s wrath through him!”
Based upon the argument Paul has just laid down in verses 6-8…He Now says, If God Demonstrates His Love for Us while We were Yet Sinners, surely God’s love for Us will be Even More Evident, Now as His children, by Faith.
- If God did so much for us then, out of love, how much more will He do for us now?
NOTE: The dominant thrust of verses 1-8 is the Christian’s Hope in present tribulations. While the dominant thrust of verses 9-11 is the Christian’s Hope of Deliverance from the Tribulation of God’s Future Wrath.
- Justification, based upon the shed blood of Jesus Christ, assures the Christian that God’s wrath has been satisfied, that the penalty for sin has been paid and we no longer need fear divine condemnation.
- Through faith in the work of Christ, we are saved from the coming wrath of God.
- Now, having been reconciled by His death, we are free to enjoy the benefits of His life.
- If by His death We were Reconciled, surely by His life we will be Saved from Wrath.
Based upon the redemptive death of our Lord, Jesus Christ, verse 11 concludes by pointing to the exultation which the Christian has in God.
As Our Sin and God’s righteousness caused Us to Avoid God (as Adam and Eve hid from Him in the Garden of Eden), the Death of Christ took Away this Fear, because Justification Produced Peace With God. Now We Delight in God & His Presence.
Vs 12-21 Paul explains what happened in Adam and how the Work of Christ Is Our Remedy:
12 Therefore, just as sin entered the world through one man, and death through sin, and in this way death came to all people, because all sinned—13 To be sure, sin was in the world before the law was given, but sin is not charged against anyone’s account where there is no law. 14 Nevertheless, death reigned from the time of Adam to the time of Moses, even over those who did not sin by breaking a command, as did Adam, who is a pattern of the one to come. 15 But the gift is not like the trespass. For if the many died by the trespass of the one man, how much more did God’s grace and the gift that came by the grace of the one man, Jesus Christ, overflow to the many! 16 Nor can the gift of God be compared with the result of one man’s sin: The judgment followed one sin and brought condemnation, but the gift followed many trespasses and brought justification. 17 For if, by the trespass of the one man, death reigned through that one man, how much more will those who receive God’s abundant provision of grace and of the gift of righteousness reign in life through the one man, Jesus Christ! 18 Consequently, just as one trespass resulted in condemnation for all people, so also one righteous act resulted in justification and life for all people. 19 For just as through the disobedience of the one man the many were made sinners, so also through the obedience of the one man the many will be made righteous. 20 The law was brought in so that the trespass might increase. But where sin increased, grace increased all the more, 21 so that, just as sin reigned in death, so also grace might reign through righteousness to bring eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.
Paul begins his Comparison between Adam and Christ with the words “just as.” Therefore, just as sin entered the world through one man, and death through sin, and in this way death came to all people, because all sinned ”
Before Paul keeps on with what he is saying he stops to clarify what he means at the end of verse 12 by the phrase, “for all sinned.” So in Vs 13-17 Paul Clarifies…
- Adam’s sin brought death – the universal fate of all men is the result of the action of one man. Adam stands for the race, for humanity. Death passes upon all – from father to son. Adam is the representative man. Christ is our new representative.
Paul says, We’ve been under Sin since Adam Sinned…And the Law was Given to Show our Trespass against God…But VS 18 says, Just as one trespass resulted in condemnation for all people, so also one righteous act resulted in justification and life for all people.
- We’re Related to Adam by Nature & All Believers Are Related to Christ by Grace
Vs 19 says, “For just as through the disobedience of the one man the many were made sinners, so also through the obedience of the one man the many will be made righteous.
To Finalize his Argument Paul Summarizes his point in VS 20 and 21 “The law was brought in so that the trespass might increase. But where sin increased, grace increased all the more, 21 so that, just as sin reigned in death, so also grace might reign through righteousness to bring eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.
KEY: The Parallel Paul wants Us to See and Rejoice In is this…Just as Adam’s Sin is Imputed to Us because We were in Him…So Christ’s Righteousness is Imputed to Us When We Choose to Receive His Free Gift and are Now in Him.
- This is the All-important Parallel…The Deepest Reason Death Reigns over All is NOT Because of Our Individual Sins…BUT Because of Adam’s Sin Imputed to Us.
- And the Deepest Reason Eternal Life Reigns is Not because of Our Individual Deeds of Righteousness…BUT, Because of Christ’s Righteousness that was Imputed to Us by Grace Through Faith.
This Sheds Light on Why Paul Added this Paragraph in Scripture at US! He did it for the sake of Your Faith And for My Faith…And Our Assurance and Our Joy.
He did it to Underline the Fact that Our Right Standing with God and our Freedom from Condemnation is Not based on Our Righteous Acts but on Christ’s Righteous Acts.
- This is the foundation of Biblical Truth-Justification by Grace Alone Through Faith.
In addition to the Many Blessings God’s Gift Provides…Peace With God…Our Standing in God’s Grace…Hope For All Eternity and HOPE as We Go Through Each Trial here on Earth.
This Truth Will Also Rescue You from the Despair of Legalism and the Paralyzing Fear of Imperfection.
2 Cor 5:21 Christ became obedient even unto death so that in him we might become the righteousness of God.
POINT: With Christ As Our Righteousness…We Have Rest For Our Souls…Trust Him.